The NPPA is an active advocate for the legal rights of visual journalists. Our work includes issues connected to First Amendment access, drone regulations, copyright, access and credentialing, cameras in court, “ag-gag” laws, unlawful assault on visual journalists and cases that affect the ability to record events and issues of public interest. Our work benefits not only individuals but the public at large.
You can support this advocacy by making a tax-deductible donation to NPPA Legal Advocacy and Education through the National Press Photographers Foundation, a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization charged with advancing photojournalism through education and awarding scholarships and fellowships to deserving individuals.
The last few years have been exceptionally polarizing for media coverage, our general counsel Mickey Osterreicher and Alicia Calzada, worked unflinchingly in support of members’ rights. When members were detained or arrested during protests, they called Mickey or Alicia for advice, assistance and support.
The NPPA urges accountability for police who violate journalists’ rights and has long been at the forefront of the rights of citizens and journalists to document police performing their official duties in a public place.
- Sept 16, 2022 - UPDATE: Gordon Price’s attorney filed a petition for rehearing en banc on September 15, 2022. A typical appellate ruling is made by a panel of three judges. A petition for rehearing en banc asks the entire group of judges on the appellate court to reconsider the case, rather than just three. As Price’s attorney explained when asking for the rehearing, this case “concerns a question of exceptional importance: whether filmmaking is a ‘communicative activity’ protected by the First Amendment or merely a “a noncommunicative step in the production of speech.” NPPA will continue to monitor the progression of this case.
- Sept. 10, 2022 - A federal judge has granted a preliminary injunction against a law that would have limited the right to record police in Arizona, blocking the law from going into effect. The NPPA, together with the Arizona Broadcasters Association and the American Civil Liberties Union of Arizona and 8 other media organizations, brought a lawsuit to challenge Arizona’s HB 2319, a law which makes it a crime to record police officers within eight feet of law enforcement activity without permission of the officer. The suit alleges that HB 2319 is a violation of the First Amendment and sought to stop the law from going into effect.
- Sept. 7, 2022 - The NPPA is a signatory with journalism organizations CCNMA, ONA, SPJ/LA, NPPA and RTDNA in support of Daniel Pearl Magnet High School journalism advisor Adriana Chavira, who we believe was wrongly suspended for refusing to censor an article written by her student journalists.
- Sept. 1, 2022 - The televising of the Chauvin trial for the murder of George Floyd was an exception to the rule in Minnesota banning audio-visual coverage of criminal court proceedings. The MN Supreme Court is studying changing those rules. NPPA's general counsel Mickey Osterreicher has a lot of expereince in New York with cameras in court and was asked to submit comments as part of the study. NPPA also joined in the comments submitted by a coalition of media groups.
- Aug. 23, 20222 - The NPPA, the Arizona Broadcasters Association, the American Civil Liberties Union of Arizona and eight media organizations, represented by the ACLU and Ballard Spahr LLP, filed a lawsuit against the state of Arizona challenging HB 2319, a law which makes it a crime to record police officers within eight feet of law enforcement activity without permission of the officer. The suit challenges the law as a violation of the First Amendment and seeks to stop HB 2319 from going into effect.
- Aug. 23, 2022 - Price v. Barr reversed — National Park permit scheme for commercial filming is reinstated: In a disappointing turn, a decision that enjoined commercial film permit requirements on federal lands was reversed today and commercial videographers and filmmakers once again must obtain permits for filming in national parks, forest land and other federal lands.
- Aug. 16, 2022 - NPPA, ASMP and APA were joined by the North American Nature Photographers and Getty Images file Amicus Brief in SCOTUS copyright infringement case - Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. v. Goldsmith - which involves a photograph of the artist Prince, taken by Lynn Goldsmith, that was appropriated by Andy Warhol in 1984.
- Aug. 9, 2022 - An amicus brief - VHT v. Zillow - was filed on behalf of the NPPA, APA, PPA, NANPA, GAG, DMLA, ASMP: The undersigned coalition of visual artists associations files this brief to ensure that this Court understand the challenges facing professional photographers in registering their work, how Congress and the Copyright Office have sought to address those challenges, and the importance of recognizing the independent value of discreet works of visual art that may create a source of potential income, notwithstanding the way they are registered.
- July 27, 2022 - NPPA Advocacy Alert: Minnesota Social Justice protests settlement update - Minnesota journalists’ lawsuit/ settlement update: As we have previously reported, there has been a settlement agreement related to the mistreatment of journalists by members of the Minnesota State Patrol. If you were in Minneapolis covering the social justice protests, the following information, shared with NPPA by lawyers involved in the settlement could be important for you.
- July 5, 2022 - NPPA Advocacy wrote a letter to Arizona Gov. Douglas A. Ducey asking him to veto a bill passed by Arizona legislature that would make it unlawful for a photographer to record a police officer within 8 feet of the officer without permission. *The bill was signed by Gov. Ducey on July 6, 2022. NPPA is closely monitoring the situation.
- June 17, 2022 - The electronic Copyright Claims Board is officially live and accepting claims!
- April 12, 2022 - NPPA Advocacy joined an amicus brief filed by the First Amendment Coalition urging a federal judge to block a Fresno, Calif., ordinance that impermissibly restricts the press and public’s ability to observe and document sweeps of homeless encampments.
- March 29, 2022 - A federal judge overturned the state of Texas’ stringent drone restrictions today, holding that it was an unconstitutional violation of the First Amendment. In his ruling, District Judge Robert Pitman enjoined the Texas Department of Public Safety and the Texas Highway Patrol from enforcing Chapter 423 of the Texas Government Code. The National Press Photographers Association brought the lawsuit in 2019 challenging the law after members experienced problems using drones for newsgathering in the state. When the law was first proposed in 2013, NPPA urged the legislature to reject the bill which amounted to a broad ban on drone use for a wide range of purposes that included journalism. Related stories: PetaPixel and Jackson Hole News & Guide.
- UPDATE: March 23, 2022, park officials sent a message to photographers stating that it was withdrawing the permit requirement and “The CUA [commercial use authorization] Program at Grand Teton National Park has been adjusted and no longer includes the ‘Portrait Services’ CUA category… The NPS has begun an internal review of the management of portrait services in other park areas, including those that may be requiring CUAs for this activity, for the purpose of implementing a consistent legal framework for managing this activity across the National Park System.”
- March 3, 2022 - On behalf of the National Press Photographers Association (NPPA) members, and joined by our sister organizations Professional Photographers of America (PPA), North American Nature Photography Association (NANPA), and the American Society of Media Photographers (ASMP), a letter was submitted to the superintendent of the Grand Teton National Park in response to the the new photography permit fees and policies in GTNP.
- February 22, 2022 - The National Press Photographers Association (NPPA) filed a Petition for Certiorari with the Supreme Court of the United States asking it to review our AB5 lawsuit. The NPPA is a co-plaintiff/petitioner with the America Society of Journalists and Authors (ASJA).
- February 19, 2022 - The NPPA, joined by 26 additional media, First Amendment and photography organizations, has filed an official objection to an Arizona bill that would restrict the First Amendment right to record police activity.
- January 10, 2022 - For those with New York City press credentials, NPPA wants to make sure you know that the process for obtaining New York City press credentials has changed, and the final rules have been published. Our general counsel Mickey Osterreicher was deeply involved in this process, from testifying before the New York City Council as it considered the change, to submitting official comments, participating in the public hearing, and working with MOME to develop the new rules.
- October 21, 2021 - A three-judge panel in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently ruled against NPPA's challenge of California's AB5 labor law, affirming the district court’s ruling that the law regulates economic activity rather than speech. In response, NPPA, along with the other plaintiff involved in the lawsuit, ASJA, filed a petition for en banc review of that decision on Oct. 20, 2021. If granted, such review would be by the entire Ninth Circuit Court. The petition was filed by lawyers from the Pacific Legal Foundation, who are representing the plaintiffs in this case. Backgroud is here.
- October 13, 2021 – NPPA’s Advocacy team filed an amicus brief on behalf of the NPPA and 11 other media and photography organizations in Price v. Garland, a federal appeals case that we hope will uphold a lower court's ruling benefiting videographers. The lower court in that case overturned the "commercial filming" permits on federal lands (NPS, BLM, Forest Service) which have vexed videographers (journalists and non-journalists) for years. In its ruling, the district court held that the commercial filming permit requirements in 43 C.F.R. Part 5 36 C.F.R. § 5.5, and 54 U.S.C. § 100905 were unconstitutional violations of the First Amendment. While this effort primarily benefits our video members, all photographers will benefit from strong case law upholding the right to take pictures and record on public lands without permission from the government (or a fee).
- October 6, 2021 - Seizure of student journalist’s camera; NPPA Advocacy responds - The National Press Photographer's general counsel, Mickey Osterreicher, was contacted by a student about the seizure of a camera from a McKinney High School (McKinney, Texas) student journalist while covering a school protest.
- September 2021 - The NPPA along with several other groups joined an RCFP amicus brief in Ness v. City of Bloomington, a case before the 8th Circuit. This case was brought by Ness, a Bloomington, Minnesota, resident who began documenting a public controversy surrounding the Dar al-Farooq mosque and Success Academy school, which are located in her neighborhood, by videotaping and photographing various activities related to the mosque and school, including their use of a city park as a playground.
- Aug. 5, 2021 - In response to the beatings, arrests, and harassment they experienced while covering last summer's racial justice protests, the NPPA in partnership with Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, filed a federal lawsuit seeking to hold the New York City Police Department accountable for its violation of their First Amendment rights on nehalf of five news photographers.
- June 2021: International Association of Chiefs of Police magazine, Police-Press Relations by Mickey Osterreicher
- March 2020: We asked public officials to clarify that newsgathering is “essential”.
- June 2020 - We partnered with the Press Freedom Defense Fund (PFDF), a program of First Look Media to enhance and support extensive legal advocacy programs for journalists who have been arrested or injured while covering news stories, as exemplified during the nationwide protests over George Floyd’s death while in police custody.
- July 2020 - We joined the Press Freedom Defense Fund (PFDF) in opposing the ruling by a Seattle judge ordering local news media to provide their unpublished photographs and video footage to police from the protests on May 30, 2020.
- June 2020 - Mickey participated in a panel discussion about Police & The Press in June.
- July and August 2020 - In conjunction with RCFP and CPJ, we participated in a series of free training sessions for journalists covering the 2020 elections.
- July 2020 - We sent a letter to Sacramento's Police chief and mayor expressing disappointment in the new media policy issued in May, 2020, by the Sacramento Police Department.
- August 2020 - We joined media organizations (CPJ, NYNPA, NYPPA, PFDF, RTDNA, SPJ) in a lawsuit to uphold NYPD-issued press credentials and Mickey testified remotely at a public hearing.
- September 2020 - Mickey and Alicia submitted comments to the U.S. Copyright Office asking it to consider the First Amendment impact on photographers who experience copyright infringement by state entities.
- November 2020 - We sent a letter to the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices requesting that "journalists who have direct contact with the public on a regular basis, and particularly visual journalists, be expressly included in the phase of the COVID - 19 vaccine that includes the essential and critical infrastructure workforce.
In 2019, NPPA was a plaintiff in multiple lawsuits challenging unconstitutional laws and policies that affect photographers’ First Amendment rights. Our Advocacy team helped prevent an increase in fees for copyright registration.
After several years of advocacy and grassroots efforts by a coalition that includes NPPA, the CASE Act – bipartisan legislation that would create a copyright small claims tribunal within the U.S. Copyright Office – passed the House and made significant progress in the Senate.
“Infringement takes a direct economic toll on these small business owners, and takes time, energy and money away from their work as journalists,” Osterreicher said. In November 2019, we explained how a federal court ruling that will protect photojournalists from suspicionless searches of their cell phones, cameras and laptops mirrors a lawsuit filed a decade ago by NPPA. And we are helping photographers navigate the legalities of drone journalism while fighting unconstitutional restrictions of newsgathering on the ground and in the air.
Other efforts include NPPA joining in amicus (friend of the court) briefs in support of many of the issues facing journalists. Multiple stories about our Advocacy work and NPPA news can be found here.
The National Press Photographers Association’s Advocacy Committee is led by NPPA Advocacy Chair and Attorney Alicia Wagner Calzada and NPPA General Counsel Mickey H. Osterreicher. The committee works to further the NPPA’s mission of advancing visual journalism by addressing local and federal policy issues that affect our members’ ability to provide the public with news images. The official spokesperson of the NPPA is always the sitting president and all advocacy committee activity is done with the knowledge and approval of the president who is automatically a member of the committee.
Whether working with government agencies and leaders or participating in “friend of the court” briefs on cases affecting news photographers, the Advocacy Committee diligently monitors issues affecting visual journalists and works to ensure that their voices are heard.
On a case-by-case basis the Advocacy Committee also addresses individual issues affecting the right of the public and the press to document and record images in order to protect those constitutional freedoms.
NPPA Advocacy Committee Contacts
Alicia Wagner Calzada, Esq: [email protected]
Mickey H. Osterreicher, Esq.: [email protected]
For more NPPA Advocacy Committee view our Legal Resources.