A worker on a break looks over an open-pit coal mining concession in Makroman, East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. Indonesia's mining industry continues to traverse a perilous path to meet global demands at the expense of environmental degradation and at the cost of human lives. Tin, gold and coal are amongst the country's precious commodities highly sought after for export to foremost world market economies. As a consequence, the growing pressure of this demand led to the prevalence of unregulated and hazardous mining and rampant illegal small-scale mining practices across the archipelago. Risking life and limb, workers brave dangerous mine pits daily in search of gold ore, tin ore and coal to earn meager amounts to subsist on. Men, women and children, constantly labor and expose themselves to the risks and hazards of mercury, inhaling harmful fumes and noxious particles and face the real threats of potential cave-ins by unsecured mine pits. Moreover, irresponsible mining practices contribute to forest destruction, water contamination, air pollution and climate change. Approximately 30 percent of the worldas supply of tin comes from Indonesia and are mostly used to solder components of electronic products, thereby making the electronics industry a dominant force in the global tin market. This country is also one of the world's biggest gold producers, with more than half of its supply accounted for by small-scale gold processing that uses mercury. In addition, the expanding mining sector is slowly swallowing parts of Indonesia's last remaining ancient forest to make way for the destructive coal-mining industry.