News Archive

NPPA Charter Member Maurice Johnson, 86

A memorial service will be held February 3, 2006, in Chevy Chase, MD, for NPPA charter member Maurice Johnson, 86, who was the longest serving director of the U.S. Senate Press Photographers Gallery in Washington, DC, until he retired in 1998. Johnson died December 22 at his home.

Johnson was a legendary Washington congressional photographer, and he became the superintendent of the Senate Gallery for press photographers in 1969. He was a photographer for International News Photos and United Press International before serving in the Capitol. He’s also a past president of the White House News Photographers Association. Johnson was a charter NPPA member when it Joseph Costa founded the organization in 1946 and he remained an active member through 1954.

Surviving Johnson are his wife, Rolanda, and children Keith and Maureen.

Johnson’s memorial service is scheduled to be held at All Saints Episcopal Church in Chevy Chase, MD, on February 3 at 2 p.m. and a reception will follow. For more information about the service please contact Senate Gallery director Jeff Kent at +1.202.224.4204.

The family asks that in lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Parkinson Foundation of the National Capital Area, 7913 Westpark Drive, Suite 101, McLean, VA, 22102.

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KNPA Seminar & POY Contest On January 20, 21

Kentucky News Photographers Association president Joe Imel wants to remind everyone in NPPA’s Region 4 that KNPA’s annual Photographer of the Year contest and photojournalism seminar will be held January 20 and 21, 2006, at the Louisville Marriott East hotel. Imel says the event is “the premier showcase for photojournalism in the state.”

Still and television judging will take place on Friday, January 20, and it is open to the public. The educational seminar takes place all day Saturday, January 21, and includes a lighting session. Speakers scheduled to appear include Vincent Laforet, a contract photographer for The New York Times; Susan Biddle of The Washington Post; and freelance photographer Amy Toensing from Philadelphia, PA.

Television speakers scheduled to appear include independent producer Ray Farkas; KUSA-TV’s Corky Scholl, who is the NPPA Ernie Crisp Television News Photographer of the Year; and Michael Rosenblum, a video-journalist (JV).

The deadline for entries into the still photography and television contests is January 10. Imel says that in-depth, as well as all team and sports categories, need to be delivered to Drew Cook no later than January 7.

For more information contact Imel at [email protected] or see the Web site at www.knpa.org for contest and seminar information. On the Web site is a downloadable Acrobat .PDF file of the still and television contest rules, as well as information about registering for the seminar and the awards luncheon.

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Changes In This Year's Best Of Photojournalism Competition

By Stephen Sample & Jared Haworth

DURHAM, NC – The first year of the Best Of Photojournalism contest was remarkable. In the space of a month, we created an international photojournalism contest that — unlike the other major photojournalism contests such as World Press and POYi — covers all of photojournalism, whether presented in print, on television, or on the Web.

Five years ago during that first BOP contest, we took in and judged nearly 25,000 images. Considering that the contest committee members themselves had predicted 10,000 images in the first year, the initial success of the contest was remarkable. And the contest has grown and prospered since: the number of entries grew by a whopping 66 percent from 2002 to 2005. However, the very success of the contest means that it’s now time to revisit some of the entry and judging procedures. We need to make sure that they will still work efficiently with 50,000 images – or 100,000, for that matter.

There are some changes in the entry and judging processes for the 2006 Best Of Photojournalism competition, with the largest changes being in the Photo Editing and Still Photography contests (but all the divisions benefited from the new development efforts).

Registering for contest. All four divisions of the contest are now using the registration system that was developed for the Still Photo division last year. Each entrant fills out the Contest Registration Form and gets their unique Contest Identification Code, which is then submitted along with each entry. This ensures that every entry can be clearly identified, while keeping judging anonymous.

The change to a single online registration system also means that (1) users don’t have to fill out contact information for every entry, and (2) users who enter more than one division of the contest (for example, Photo Editing and Web Sites) can use the same Contest Identification Code for all their entries.

Photo editing division. Starting in the 2006 contest, entries in Newspaper and Magazine Picture Editing categories must be submitted in Acrobat .PDF format: only the Best Use of Photography categories (EU01, EU02 and EU03) will use hard copy. This change should make the entry process faster and easier for everyone, especially for those outside the United States.

The adoption of a digital entry workflow for the Picture Editing division also means that entrants can now enter electronically, using FTP. This offers faster turnaround times, and faster confirmation of submissions.

Still photo division. The Still Photo division has always included a lot of information with each image — story name, headline, caption, photographer and publication credits, copyright, time and location where the image was created, contest category, and more. But that breadth of information also means that there is a lot of room for typos. And some typos (in the contest ID or the category, for example) can get an entry disqualified.

On the entry preparation side, one solution is to make it easier to apply file information like categories, contest IDs, and story names to a group of images. Most of the category errors last year were from images that had been entered both in a single-image category and as part of a story, and which still had the category information from the other time they were entered. Using Photo Mechanic for the captioning process should help with this, since it allows the user to apply headers from an IPTC Stationery Pad to groups of files — and does so without touching the image data, so setting file information in multiple passes won’t result in a lower-quality image.

But even with better user control and validation of the file information, there will be some errors, which will need to be corrected after the images are sent.

Last year, we did some simple validation on the entry data, but the real safeguard was the preview period: users could check their entries online, and contact the Contest Coordinator with any corrections. This worked, but it left all the changes in the hands of one person, with all the time constraints that implies.

Validating headers. While all the information included as part of the Still Photo entry images provides additional opportunities for errors, it also provides ways to check for them. For example, entrants arrange their images into folders by category, and if the category name from the folder doesn’t match the category name from the file headers, that’s a red flag. Similar checks exist if the Contest ID from the Object field doesn’t match the one from the folder structure, or if the eMail address doesn’t match the Contest ID. This year, the import processing code is being significantly smarter about suggesting likely values when it finds a conflict — and those automatic corrections will be noted in the entry confirmation eMail in case the user wants to override.

Still photo & photo editing. This year, both the Still Photo and Photo Editing divisions will allow some of the entry data to be edited directly by the contestant. So if an entry is mis-labeled, it can be corrected before judging begins. On the Editing side, only the credits can be changed; but the Still Photography division allows headlines, captions, credits, and more to be edited.

Editing will be conducted via a secure login interface, using the password the user set up when they joined the contest — so choosing a good password is important. But to guard against bad password choices, or users who leave a shared machine logged in after editing an image caption, changes will be made to a copy of the image database, rather than to the master; and all changes will be reported to the entrant via eMail. So if an unauthorized change were made, it could easily be “rolled back.”

Entrants will be informed when the editing period begins. The editing period will end before the images become available for public view, so once the contest entry archive has been “published,” the information will remain stable.

Some might argue that user editing works against the educational goals of the contest — after all, why bother to get your category right in the first place if you can just go in and correct it later? Whatever happened to taking care with your entries, and responsibility for your errors? And indeed, the contest committee has taken a similar position with respect to captions: by publishing captions “as is,” we are pushing photographers to learn to write — or at least, to learn to write captions. But it was felt that allowing entrants to correct their files prior to the start of judging was a useful educational goal on its own. And the administrative benefits of removing the editing bottleneck are considerable.

Still photos & online judging. Judging a thousand images per hour is grueling work. Some images are clearly not going to be winners, but deciding which image is the best can be a lot harder. As the pool gets smaller, the judges have to argue the relative merits of each entry, and the judging slows down. But having the judges spend more time at Poynter (and take more time off work to do so) really isn’t practical. So as the contest grows, it becomes harder and harder to get through all the judging in the time available. To alleviate this time crunch, the judging for the 2006 contest is being split in half. The judges will make a first “triage” pass over the images remotely, before they go to Poynter, and they then can spend the full week of on-site judging deciding which of the remaining images are really the best.

One issue for the judging in the past has been thumbnail image quality. Using a better scaling method would make it easier to judge images in Gallery view, but even then a larger size thumbnail is needed. The situation for the Single-image view was in some ways even worse, since at standard screen sizes the image was being scaled on the fly, which almost requires a low-quality algorithm.

However, high-quality scaling methods such as Lanczos and Mitchell are slow. Since we are creating multiple thumbnails for each image, performance is critical: there will be over 300,000 thumbnails generated from the Still entries this year, and at two seconds per thumbnail, just generating the thumbnails — without any of the other entry processing — would take a week.

Creating thumbnails. Fortunately, Apple included a Lanczos scaler in Core Image, which is a part of Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger). Core Image is a graphics manipulation library that automatically optimizes your code to run on whatever processors are available — including the one on your graphics card. Just handing the thumbnail generation off to Core Image — with no other optimizations — cut 40 percent off the thumbnail generation time. And that’s with an Unsharp Mask and a crop thrown in to give the images clean edges. That’s almost three days shaved off the entry processing.

What if? Critical systems, as anyone working with technology knows, are prone to failure. The Still Photography contest judges have tens of thousands of images to judge in a little less than a week: they can’t afford downtime. So, what happens to the Best of Photojournalism competition if the contest server fails during a judging session at the Poynter Institute? Hopefully, very little.

The main Still Photo contest server is kept on-site in St. Petersburg, so that the judges can zip through the images without worrying about network speed. But there is also a second “backup” server with a mirror image of all the contest data that is held in reserve at another location and can be sent to Poynter if needed.

In the past, this was adequate: we could have completed judging even with a 12-hour “hole” while the backup server was in transit (or conducted the judging over the Internet, if we were near the end of the contest). But with the anticipated size of this year’s contest, even overnight shipping takes too long: if we lost eight hours of judging, we wouldn’t be able to process all the images. So we are adding a third backup that can be accessed remotely while the second server is in transit.

Judging results will be synchronized in real time between the primary contest server and a local database in the judging room. If the on-site contest server fails, we will have a real-time record of which images have been voted in or out. That snapshot can then be applied to the two backup machines, and judging will switch over to the online server until the reserve server arrives on site.

For links to the rules and guidelines for each division, please click here. For more information, please contact Kenniff at [email protected]. The Best Of Photojournalism 2006 contest is sponsored by Canon.

Read earlier story.

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NPPA Retains First Amendment Attorney

DURHAM, NC – The National Press Photographers Association announced today that it will be retaining an attorney to assist with its growing need to support photographers’ rights. The move will enhance the organization’s ability to fight policies that are harmful for photojournalists.

“With the frequency of issues that we have been dealing with,” said NPPA president Tony Overman, “from the smallest municipality to the Supreme Court, we really needed someone with legal experience and an understanding of photojournalism to help NPPA defend photojournalists’ rights in America.”

Attorney Mickey Osterreicher at the United States Supreme Court in Washington, DC.Mickey Osterreicher, an attorney based in the Buffalo, NY, area will be retained by the NPPA effective September 1, 2006. Osterreicher is a long time NPPA member and has done significant legal work for the organization on a pro-bono basis. In 2006 he was awarded NPPA’s Kenneth P. McLaughlin Award of Merit and the Presidential Medal.

“After having been a member of NPPA since 1973, it is an honor and a pleasure to represent the organization in a legal capacity,” Osterreicher commented. “I believe that it is very important that the rights of photojournalists be upheld and I look forward to working with the NPPA to advocate on behalf of our members.”

“The work that the NPPA is doing on First Amendment matters continues at a break-neck pace and is beyond what can be handled on a volunteer basis,” said Alicia Wagner Calzada, NPPA Advocacy Committee chairperson and NPPA’s immediate past president. “This is a natural step as our commitment to supporting photographers continues. We are fortunate that an attorney like Mickey is available to us. His familiarity with the industry, with the NPPA, and with the legal issues we deal with, makes him the ideal person for this position.”

The Washington, DC, law firm of Covington & Burling has also provided significant pro-bono legal support to the NPPA and will continue to do so. The main contact at the firm had been Kurt Wimmer, who recently left to take a position as senior vice president and general counsel for Gannett. The new NPPA contacts at Covington & Burling are partner Steve Weiswasser and associate Robert Sherman.

Osterreicher has served as chairman of the NPPA Government Media Relations Committee and as a member of the Advocacy Committee. He is also a member of the New York State Bar Association Media Law Committee and an adjunct lecturer for SUNY at Buffalo and the University of Buffalo. He has advised and provided support to the NPPA in the matter of cameras in the courtroom, the need for a shield law, the NFL’s removal of local television photographers from the sidelines, copyright issues, the attempted New York City subway photography ban, and the NCAA vs. photographers issue. A new Media Government Relations Committee chair will be appointed by Overman to replace Osterreicher.

Osterreicher, who is married with two grown children, was a photographer for the Buffalo Courier-Express until its demise in 1982. He worked for the ABC television affiliate WKBW-TV from 1982 until 2004. His still and video work have appeared in such news outlets as The New York Times, Time, Newsweek, USA Today, ABC World News Tonight, Nightline, Good Morning America, NBC Nightly News, and ESPN.

He became interested in pursuing a career in law while covering court cases on the job and graduated cum laude from the University of Buffalo Law School in 1998. Osterreicher continues his photography work as he practices law. He volunteers, teaches, and advises in various capacities that combine the two talents.

Legal articles by Mickey Osterreicher:

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Best Of Photojournalism 2006 Accepting Entries

DURHAM, NC – NPPA is accepting entries in the Best Of Photojournalism 2006 contest. Online registration is active and entries are being uploaded by photojournalists from around the world. All entrants in all divisions of the contest must first register online. Entrants will then receive an ID code by eMail that will allow photographers and editors to submit their entries.

“There are many submission, category, and rule changes in all the divisions of the contest this year, so please review the rules and read about all the changes,” NPPA contest coordinator Thomas Kenniff said. The Still Photography rules are currently posted online in English, French, Japanese, and German, and soon will be posted in Spanish and Russian as well.


There have also been some technical changes this year, and also changes in the entry and juding processes. Read about many of these changes here.

The Best Of Photojournalism 2006 is sponsored by Canon.

Photojournalists with questions about the rules or entries and who want more information should contact Kenniff at [email protected] or by calling +1.919.383.7246 ext. 16.

Go here for links to the rules and guidelines for each division.

Still photography entrants can go here to register.

Inside the eMail with the registration ID code, entrants will also receive a license code for the application PhotoMechanic. The download of PhotoMechanic for Macintosh or Windows-based computers is here. (Note: This version of PhotoMechanic is a trial license that will expire on the contest entry deadline, February 10, 2006. To purchase a full version of PhotoMechanic, please go here.)

To enter the Still Photography Editing categories, please go here to read the rules and submit entries.

To enter the Television Photography categories, please go here to read the rules and submit entries.

To enter the Television Editing categories, please go here to read the rules and submit entries.

To enter the Web categories, go here to read the rules and to submit entries.

For links to the rules and guidelines for each division, please click here. For more information, please contact Kenniff at [email protected]. The Best Of Photojournalism 2006 contest is sponsored by Canon.

Read earlier story.

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Bay Area Photojournalist Bob McLeod, 59

Bob McLeod, 59, a staff photojournalist and picture editor for the San Francisco Chronicle, died January 3, 2006, at his home in Antioch, CA, from lung cancer – although he was never a smoker – the newspaper reported. He retired from the newspaper recently because of his health, and his condition was only discovered within the last year.

McLeod's friends at the Chronicle say a memorial service or wake is being planned for sometime soon, in the coming months. Details will be provided when available. For more information about the service please contact Rick Romagosa via eMail.

McLeod was a photojournalist in the Bay Area for nearly four decades, first at the San Francisco Examiner and then for the Chronicle. A native of Daly City, CA, he started photography as a hobby as a 12-year-old and, after studying briefly at San Francisco State, joined the Examiner in 1967 as a copy boy. He did that for five years before becoming a staff photographer, and McLeod was named director of photography for the Examiner in 1989.

As a general assignment photographer for the Examiner, he was the first to photograph Patty Hearst with her parents in their Knob Hill apartment when she was released from jail, and he was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1995 for a photo essay called “The Caregivers” done with his wife, Examiner reporter Beth Witrogen McLeod. She told the Chronicle that her husband's favorite pictures were the thousands of images he took of ballet dancers over the years, pictures that he donated to the San Francisco Ballet photo archive.

McLeod is survived by his wife and a brother and sister. Plans for a memorial service are pending. The family requests memorial donations be made to Hospice and Palliative Care of Contra Costa, 2051 Harrison Street, Concord, CA, 94520.

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NJ Photographer Donald L. "Don" Davidson, 76

Donald L. “Don” Davidson, 76, of Denville, NJ, an NPPA Life Member, died December 16, 2005, from cancer. He joined NPPA in 1964 and had been a photojournalist for the Associated Press as well as being the owner of New Jersey Newsphotos, Inc., which represented the photographs of The Star-Ledger in Newark for more than three decades.

The New York Press Photographers Association reported that Davidson was born in Queens, NY, and had served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the Korean and Vietnam wars, retiring from the service in 1989 as a first sergeant. He then worked for the New York City Medical Examiner’s office in New York City as a forensic pathologist until retiring from that post in 1987.

Davidson is survived by his wife, Maureen, and three adult children: Mark, Carole, and Steve. Funeral services were held December 19 at the Norman Dean Home for Services in Denville.

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New Jersey Transit Corp. Withdraws Proposed Photo Ban

DURHAM, NC – A proposed ban of photography on New Jersey public transportation and its property by the New Jersey Transit Corporation has been withdrawn by the group’s executive director, George D. Warrington, after they received “an unusual number of public comments” and complaints about the proposed rule changes.

NPPA was one of several press organizations taking formal steps to oppose the suggested photography ban.

“Effective immediately, we will return to our historic practice, which enables hobbyists and other non-commercial photographers to take pictures in public areas throughout the New Jersey Transit system without obtaining permission or providing prior notice. There will also continue to be no restrictions on journalists in public areas of the system,” Warrington wrote in a letter responding to those who had filed public comments of opposition. “Your input was taken into careful consideration by senior management.”

"I am thrilled about this development," NPPA president Alicia Wagner Calzada said today. "This means that our message is getting across, and that policy makers are understanding and supporting the importance of protecting a free press and free expression."

In November 2005, NPPA joined with the Reporters Committee for the Freedom of the Press, the Radio-Television News Directors Association, and the Society of Professional Journalists in formal opposition to the proposed New Jersey Transit Corp. photography prohibitions. NPPA’s opposition to the rule changes was voiced on the organization’s behalf in a legal brief filed with New Jersey Transit by pro bono attorney Kurt A. Wimmer of Covington & Burling in Washington, DC. Wimmer specializes in First Amendment matters. In response to Warrington’s letter and the withdrawal of the proposed rule changes, Wimmer wrote, “This is indeed great news!”

Calzada also said today in response to the news, "We are thankful to the Radio-Television News Directors Association, the Reporters Committee for the Freedom, and the Society of Professional Journalists for standing with us on this issue. This really shows that when NPPA members and supporters work together, we can accomplish positive things. The New Jersey proposed photo ban is at least the third public agency that has backed down from efforts to ban photography during the past year. I'm sure we'll see this type of thing again, but we will treat each situation with the care and concern it deserves."

Calzada also thanked all the photographers who sent individual letters to the New Jersey Transit Corp. protesting the proposed ban. "And thanks to attorney Kurt Wimmer, who wrote our legal brief of opposition and made a very strong argument for our case," she said.

NPPA opposed the ban because it would, in counsel’s opinion, violate the First Amendment rights of photojournalists and other photographers; the ban would not achieve New Jersey Transit’s goal of enhancing national security or passenger safety by preventing intelligence gathering activities on New Jersey Transit property; and it would impair the ability of photojournalists to perform their job effectively. Wimmer’s brief also made the point that the proposed rule changes would not leave any alternative means for photographing on New Jersey Transit’s property, and that the proposed ban by itself was unconstitutional.

In his letter of response Warrington also wrote, “Be advised that our police, as well as local law enforcement, have a responsibility to provide for the safety and security of our customers, employees and assets. If an officer receives a complaint or observes circumstances that warrant further investigation, he or she may approach you. I ask that you cooperate fully with the officer, understanding that he or she is concerned both for your safety and the security of 80,000 commuters who ride the system every day.”

“They relented. This shows why we should always respond immediately, and numerously,” NPPA Region 2 director Harry DiOrio said. DiOrio and Region 2 associate director Todd Maisel, along with the New York Press Photographers Association, had led local efforts in New York to oppose the proposed ban.

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Best Of Photojournalism 2006 Now Accepting Entries

DURHAM, NC – NPPA is accepting entries in the Best Of Photojournalism 2006 contest. Online registration is active and entries are being uploaded by photojournalists from around the world. All entrants in all divisions of the contest must first register online. Entrants will then receive an ID code by eMail that will allow photographers and editors to submit their entries.

“There are many submission, category, and rule changes in all the divisions of the contest this year, so please review the rules and read about all the changes,” NPPA contest coordinator Thomas Kenniff said. The Still Photography rules are currently posted online in English, French, Japanese, and German, and soon will be posted in Spanish and Russian as well.


There have also been some technical changes this year, and also changes in the entry and juding processes. Read about many of these changes here.

The Best Of Photojournalism 2006 is sponsored by Canon.

Photojournalists with questions about the rules or entries and who want more information should contact Kenniff at [email protected] or by calling +1.919.383.7246 ext. 16.

Go here for links to the rules and guidelines for each division.

Still photography entrants can go here to register.

Inside the eMail with the registration ID code, entrants will also receive a license code for the application PhotoMechanic. The download of PhotoMechanic for Macintosh or Windows-based computers is here. (Note: This version of PhotoMechanic is a trial license that will expire on the contest entry deadline, February 10, 2006. To purchase a full version of PhotoMechanic, please go here.)

To enter the Still Photography Editing categories, please go here to read the rules and submit entries.

To enter the Television Photography categories, please go here to read the rules and submit entries.

To enter the Television Editing categories, please go here to read the rules and submit entries.

To enter the Web categories, go here to read the rules and to submit entries.

For links to the rules and guidelines for each division, please click here. For more information, please contact Kenniff at [email protected]. The Best Of Photojournalism 2006 contest is sponsored by Canon.

Read earlier story.

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Photojournalists Receive NPPA-NPPF Katrina Relief Funds

DURHAM, NC – NPPA past president Bob Gould said today that six photojournalists and their families who were displaced by Hurricane Katrina and suffered losses because of the storm received funds today from the NPPA-NPPF Katrina Relief Fund.

“Several of these folks have relocated, and their lives are still not back to normal,” Gould said. “Thanks to NPPA fund raisers (such as print auctions) and to individual contributors, when it’s all tallied we raised close to $10,000 for this effort, along with money from some companies who matched contributions.”

The fund was established to help photojournalists who lost their homes, or lost their jobs, or may have been separated from their families because of Hurricane Katrina. NPPA and the National Press Photographers Foundation solicited donations from the journalism community and the public to create the fund. The NPPF, often referred to simply as “the Foundation,” is an IRS-approved 501(c)(3) charity; all donations to the NPPF and to the Katrina Relief Fund are tax deductible.

“We asked the photojournalism community to respond, and they did. The Foundation and NPPA are thrilled to be able to provide this much-needed assistance. We’re sure these grants will be definitely welcomed, especially at this time of year.”

The relief fund checks were sent out via overnight express by Foundation treasurer Frank Folwell, and the recipients received the funds on Friday, December 23. Four of the six recipients are NPPA members, and Gould says the four will also receive a one-year complementary renewal of their NPPA membership as part of the relief package.

“This was a great opportunity, and the NPPA really did the fund raising, and the Foundation was able to provide the vehicle to get funds to the people who really need them,” Folwell said today. “Alicia (Wagner Calzada, NPPA president) and Bob (Gould) really did a great job of pulling this together.”

Earlier this year a committee was established to receive and review the requests for aid. Those on the committee were Gould, of WZZM-TV in Grand Rapids, MI; John Ballance from The Advocate in Baton Rouge, LA; Tim Mueller from The Advocate; and C. Thomas Hardin, currently the Foundation’s vice president who also served it as president, and who is the retired photography director of the Louisville Courier-Journal and the Detroit News.

Gould said that funds were distributed based on need, affiliation with NPPA, and how much money was in the relief fund. NPPA members were going to be given first priority by the review committee.

During the 48th annual NPPA Flying Short Course, print auctions in Boston, Austin, and Eugene raised cash for the relief fund. The print auction in Eugene raised $1,854 according to NPPA vice president Tony Overman, and the print auction in Austin raised $1,425 according to NPPA president Calzada.

New York and New Jersey news photographers raised $1,325 at a fundraiser in late September when eight metropolitan-based photographers showed their photographs of the destruction and human suffering in New Orleans and Mississippi caused by Katrina. The money was presented to NPPA Region 2 director Harry DiOrio, who placed it in the NPPA/NPPF Katrina Relief Fund.

For more information about the fund, and what you can still do to help photojournalists and their families who are in need, please contact Gould at [email protected].

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